• Take 2 parts iron (FE).
  • Combine with 3 parts Oxygen (O).
  • Add water and salt to the test.
  • Increase temperature to speed up the process.

Main Factors which Affect Corrosion

Generally, corrosion rates increase with increases in temperature.This is due to several interrelated factors:


➤ Higher temperatures tend to promote the corrosion reaction kinetics. Therefore, except in cases where oxygen is free to escape, higher temperatures boost the corrosion rate. (Essentially makes the corrosion reaction go to completion more quickly)

➤Corrosive by-products will have a higher diffusion rate at higher temperatures and thus will be delivered to the corroding surface more efficiently.

Note: In open systems certain corrosive gases actually have lower solubility at higher temperatures. Thus an increase in temperature may result in a decrease in the corrosive gas solubility and accordingly a decrease in the corrosion rate as well.


➤ Almost without exception the rate of corrosion increases with decreasing pH (increased acidity). This is due to corresponding increase in the H+ (hydrogen ion) concentration as well as the associated increase in the solubility of most other potentially corrosion enhancing substances.


➤ As one would suspect oxygen acts as an oxidizing agent in the corrosion process as do other common oxidizers such as Cl2 (chlorine gas) and Br2 (bromine gas). As the concentration of these agents rises, corrosion rates increase.

CINI Manual is a standard for insulation companies, industrial companies, their staff and consultants to achieve optimal quality of insulation systems.